Future prospects

Knowing more about the music industry and the potential career options available to you will help you focus on an area of expertise.



An arranger's duties can be very varied. They may be expected to re-write a piece of existing music with additional new material, or flesh out an existing idea, sketch for a singer, a group of performers or other music ensembles. A successful arranger will work collaboratively with the writer with the aim of bringing out what the writer was trying to convey when they wrote it. They may make changes in the style, arrangement, or instrumentation and will add finishing touches and do the creative mixing.

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Music editor – Film & TV

Music editors help directors to achieve their musical ambitions on films, and provide a crucial link between the film and the composer. Film and TV music editors structure the soundtrack and make sure it complements and enhances the production. They are usually responsible for all the music featured on film soundtracks, which may include music which is performed as part of the production, all the sourced music, and any original scores that may have been composed specifically for the production.

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Audio engineer

Audio engineers are generally familiar with the design, installation, and/or operation of sound recording, sound reinforcement, or sound broadcasting equipment, including large and small format consoles. In the recording studio environment the audio engineer will; record, edit, manipulate, mix, and/or master sound by technical means in order to realise an artist's or record producer's creative vision.

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Recording industry producers organise all aspects of recording music. Many operate in the traditional way of working with performers in a recording studio with the assistance of a sound engineer. Others use their own equipment to try out ideas but use a commercial recording studio for the final recording. With changes in technology an increasing number of people are becoming involved in producing their own music.

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Sound designer

Sound designers are responsible for providing any required sounds to accompany a production. They may work in film or TV, theatre, video, or computer and hand held games. Most sound designers are experienced supervising sound editors who have managerial responsibilities. They manage the entire sound post-production process, as well as creating the sound concept for the production. Sound design involves both creating the sounds for major events such as a battle or a shipwreck, and creating the ambient sound that creates the atmosphere and feeling of a production. Sound effects are usually added during the editing process of the production to create a particular location or mood.

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Music composers create works of music that can be performed by orchestras, voices, groups of musicians and soloists. The compositions may be in any style, such as classical, rock, soul, rhythm and blues, opera, pop, jazz, funk, blues, big band, country or folk. As well as music for live performance composers create music for film, radio, computer and handheld games and other media.

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Audio engineer – Computer games

The audio engineer creates the soundtrack for a game. This might include; music/sound effects to support the game action such as gunshots or explosions, character voices and other expressions, spoken instructions and ambient effects such as crowd noise, vehicles or rain.

The soundtrack helps to create a more immersive experience for the player by reinforcing the mood of the game. It can also enhance game play by affecting the tempo and adding emotional depth.

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